lay

lay, lie
These two words cause confusion even to native speakers of English because their meanings are related and their forms overlap. Lay is a transitive verb, i.e. it takes an object, and means ‘to place on a surface, to cause to rest on something’; its past form and past participle are both laid. (examples: Please lay it on the floor / The teacher laid the book on the desk / They had laid it on the floor / Babies should be laid down to sleep on their backs). Lie is intransitive, and means ‘to rest or be positioned on a surface’; its past form is lay (i.e. identical with the present form of the other verb), its present participle is lying, and its past participle is lain (examples: Go and lie on the bed / She went and lay on the bed / He is lying on the bed / The body had lain in the field for several days). The principal mistakes in the use of these verbs are using lay for lie, laid for lay (past of lie), and lain for laid: ☒ We are going to lay [read: lie]

• under the stars by the sea —Sun, 1990

• ☒ Standing in a semicircle, we had lain [read: laid] all our uniforms and possessions at our feet —C. Jennings, 1990

• ☒ It was very uncomfortable and painful especially when I laid [read: lay] down to sleep —Mirror, 2003.


Modern English usage. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lay's — Type Potato Chips Owner Pepsico Country United States Introduced 1932 …   Wikipedia

  • Lay — (l[=a]), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Laid} (l[=a]d); p. pr. & vb. n. {Laying}.] [OE. leggen, AS. lecgan, causative, fr. licgan to lie; akin to D. leggen, G. legen, Icel. leggja, Goth. lagjan. See {Lie} to be prostrate.] 1. To cause to lie down, to be… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lay — lay1 [lā] vt. laid, laying [ME leyen, new formation < 3d pers. sing. of earlier leggen < OE lecgan, lit., to make lie (akin to Goth lagjan, Ger legen) < pt. base of OE licgan, to LIE1] 1. to cause to come down or fall with force; knock… …   English World dictionary

  • lay — Ⅰ. lay [1] ► VERB (past and past part. laid) 1) put down, especially gently or carefully. 2) put down and set in position for use. 3) assign or place: lay the blame. 4) (lay before) present (material) for consideration and action to …   English terms dictionary

  • Lay’s — Текущий владелец: компания Frito Lay, принадлежащая PepsiCo Inc. Страна происхождения: США Рынки …   Википедия

  • Lay's — Lay’s Текущий владелец: компания Frito Lay, принадлежащая PepsiCo Inc. Страна происхождения: США Рынки: весь мир …   Википедия

  • lay — [leɪ] verb laid PTandPP lay somebody → off phrasal verb [transitive] HUMAN RESOURCES to stop employing a worker, usually when there is not enough work for them to do: • The group plans to lay off 10% of its workforce. see also …   Financial and business terms

  • Lay's — 250px Tipos de lugar Papas fritas. De PepsiCo y Frito Lay. Lugar de origen Estados Unidos. Introducida al mercado en 1938 Productos Relacionados …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lay\'s — Lay’s  бренд для разнообразных картофельных чипсов, основанный в 1938. Чипсы Lay’s позиционируются компанией Frito Lay, принадлежащей PepsiCo Inc. с 1965. Другие бренды компании Frito Lay включают Fritos, Doritos, Ruffles, Cheetos and Rold… …   Википедия

  • Lay — (althochdeutsch: Felsen, Klippe (ley); englisch: Laie, Lage) ist: Koblenz Lay, Stadtteil von Koblenz, Rheinland Pfalz Lay (Hilpoltstein), Ortsteil der Stadt Hilpoltstein, Landkreis Roth, Bayern Lay (Loire), französische Gemeinde im Département… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lay — Lay, n. 1. That which lies or is laid or is conceived of as having been laid or placed in its position; a row; a stratum; a layer; as, a lay of stone or wood. Addison. [1913 Webster] A viol should have a lay of wire strings below. Bacon. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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